Hebron

Cave of the Patriarchs

Hebron (Hevron)

(Numbers 13:22)

City in Judean Hills 36 km. (22 miles) south of Jerusalem; one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Almost as rich as Jerusalem in Biblical associations.

Also mentioned in the Bible as Kiriath-arba and Mamre. Abode of the Patriarchs Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, who were buried in Me’arat HaMakhpela (Cave of the Patriarchs). It was a Canaanite city before the Israelite conquest and dwelling place of descendants of Anak, as described in Biblical story of spies (Numbers 13:22). It falls within the tribal allotment of Judah. Capital of David’s kingdom – he reigned here for seven years until he took Jerusalem. After the destruction of the First Temple the Edomites dominated the city until Judah Maccabee expelled them (162 BCE). During the Revolt against Rome, the Romans captured the city from Simon Bar Giora and set it on fire. During the Roman Period it was a small town called…….

 

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