Two Thousand Year Old Evidence of the Siege in Jerusalem

Thursday, June 27, 2013

Three complete cooking pots and a small ceramic oil lamp were uncovered inside a small cistern in a drainage channel that runs from the Shiloah Pool in the City of David to Robinson’s Arch, in archaeological excavations the Israel Antiquities Authority is conducting near the Western Wall

Recently a small cistern belonging to a building was exposed in archaeological excavations conducted by the Israel Antiquities Authority near the Western Wall, in the vicinity of Robinson’s Arch in the Jerusalem Archaeological Park. Inside the cistern were three intact cooking pots and a small ceramic oil lamp that date to the time of the Great Revolt (c. 66-73 CE).

The vessels were discovered inside the drainage channel that was exposed in its entirety from the Siloam Pool in the City of David up to Robinson’s Arch.

According to Eli Shukron, excavation director on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority, “This is the first time we are able to connect archaeological finds with the famine that occurred during the siege of Jerusalem at the time of the Great Revolt. The complete cooking pots and ceramic oil lamp indicate that the people went down into the cistern where they secretly ate the food that was contained in the pots, without anyone seeing them, and this is consistent with the account provided by Josephus.”

In his book The Jewish War Josephus describes the Roman siege of Jerusalem and in its wake the dire hunger that prevailed in the blockaded city.
(We currently are carrying a new publication: Josephus-Carta’s Illustrated-The Jewish War.)

In his dramatic description of the famine in Jerusalem he tells about the Jewish rebels who sought food in the homes of their fellow Jews in the city. These, Josephus said, concealed the food they possessed for fear it would be stolen by the rebels and they ate it in hidden places in their homes.

“As the famine grew worse, the frenzy of the partisans increased with it….For as nowhere was there corn to be seen, men broke into the houses and ransacked them. If they found some they maltreated the occupants for saying there was none; if they did not, they suspected them of having hidden it more carefully and tortured them.”
“Many secretly exchanged their possessions for one measure of corn-wheat if they happened to be rich, barley if they were poor. They shut themselves up in the darkest corners of the their houses, where some through extreme hunger ate their grain as it was, others made bread, necessity and fear being their only  guides. Nowhere was a table laid…” (Josephus, The Jewish War. Translated by G.A. Williamson 1959.  P. 290).

Courtesy of the Israel Antiquities Authority

Pot and a small ceramic oil lamp

Photograph of the finds in the cistern: Vladimir Naykhin. 

We currently are carrying a new publication: Josephus-Carta’s Illustrated-The Jewish War.

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